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Tuesday, 18 February 2014 12:45

MC0-04 December, 2012 Business Environment

December, 2012

MC0-04 : Business Environment

1.  "Economic conditions, economic policies and systems are important external factors that constitute the economic environment of a business." Explain this statement and give Indian illustrations to show interaction between economic and non-economic environment.

2.  Discuss the institutional framework that has been evolved for the promotion and growth of small sector in India. What are the major constraints that are still being faced by the small scale sector?

3.  (a) Explain any two of the following :

(i)  Indian Patents Act, 1970, an Overview.

(ii)  Convertibility of rupee on capital account.

(iii)  Administered prices.

(b)  Distinguish between  any two  of the following :

(i)  Import substitution and Export Promotion.

(ii)  Balance of Trade and Balance of Payments

(iii)  Monopolistic and Restrictive Trade Practices.

4. What do you mean by privatization ? Why is it considered necessary today ?Explain the possible areas of privatization and point out the problems associated with privatization in India.

5. "The scope and coverage of labour legislation are very wide and overlapping." Discuss this statement by giving an overview of labour legislation in India.

6.  What is 'economic policy'? What are its different forms? Explain various objectives of fiscal policy. Why is co-ordination between monetary and fiscal policies necessary ?          

7.  Discuss the main deficiencies of Indian Money  Market, and state the reformist measures introduced by Reserve Bank of India to strengthen the Indian Money Market.

8. (a) State the provisions of the Competition Act 2002 with respect to regulation of monopolies in India.

(b) What are the rights conferred upon  Consumers under the Consumer Protection Act, 1986 ? Who can file a complaint under the Act ? Explain.

9. Why is foreign capital so important for India's economic development ? Point out important Policy changes announced by the Government to attract foreign capital since July, 1991.

Tuesday, 18 February 2014 12:44

MCO-04 June, 2013 Business Environment

June, 2013

MCO-04 : Business Environment

1. Explain briefly the critical elements of socio-cultural environment of business and their

impact on business decision making.

2. Explain the salient features of companies (Amendment) Bill, 2003.

3. Distinguish between money market and capital market ; and discuss the importance of stock exchanges for (i) companies (ii) investors and (iii) society.

4. (a) Explain the concept of political environment of business and its critical elements.

(b) State the main provisions of the Take Over Code as modified by SEBI in 1997.

5. Why is Indian economy regarded as an underdeveloped economy ? Analyse its basic


6. "Fiscal policy has multi-dimensional role". In the light of this statement explain the objectives of fiscal policy in India and state as to how far these have been accomplished ?

7. Describe the various export promotion measures initiated by the Govt. of India and state as to how far these have facilitated the foreign trade.

8. Explain the concept of 'unfair trade practice' with examples, and state the powers of MRTP commission for the control of such practices.               

9.  Write explanatory notes on  any two  of the following :

(a)  Approaches to social accounting

(b)  Consumer protection councils

(c)  Financial Sector Reforms

(d)  Foreign Direct Investment Policy 

December, 2012

MCO-03 : Research Methodology And Statistical Analysis

1. (a) What do you mean by a research problem ? Explain the sources of research problem and the points to be considered while formulating the Research Problem.             (b) Explain how to formulate objectives in the hight of Research Problem.

2. Define a hypothesis. What are the advantages of formulating it in a research study ? Describe the criteria for workable hypothesis.      

3. (a) Give a brief description of the different kinds of diagram generally used in business

research to present the data.      

(b) Discuss the merits and limitations of median and mode as measures of central tendency.

4. The following table gives the frequency distribution of expenditure on education per family among middle class families in two cities.

Expenditure (in thousand Rs.)

No. of Families

City 'A'

City 'B'

3 – 6



6 – 9



9 – 12



12 – 15



15 – 18



18 – 21



21 – 24



(a) Find the standard deviation of the expenditure at both cities.

(b)  Find out which of the city shows greater variability.

5. (a) The following results have been ascertained from the time series data with the help of least square method. The duration of the time is from the year 2001 to 2007.

N = 7, =532, Ix = 0, /,xy = 136 /x2 =28

You are required to

(i)  fit a straight line

(ii)  using the straight line equation estimate the trend in 2011.

(b) From past records, about 40% of a firm's orders are for export. Their record for exports is 48% in one particular financial quarter. If they expect to satisfy about 80 orders in the next financial quarter, what is the probability that they will break their previous  export  record. (Table value of Z   1.46 = 0.4279)

6.  (a) What are the conditions required for applying chi-square test ? Explain its limitations for applying the test.

(b) In order to know the brand preference of two washing detergents, a sample of 1000 consumers were surveyed. 56% of the consumers preferred Brand X and 44% of the consumers preferred Brand Y. Do these data conform to the idea that consumers have no special preference for either brand ? Take significance level as 0.05. (Table Value at 5% level of significance and df =1 is 3.841.)

7.  What do you understand by conclusions and generalisations ? Explain the logical and statistical methods of generalisation.

8.  Write short notes on any four of the following :

(a)  Tests of Hypothesis 

(b)  Normal Distribution

(c)  Addition rule for Non-Mutually Exclusive Events

(d)  Sample size

(e)  Continuous Rating Scale

(f)  Multi-Stage sampling 

June, 2013

MC0-03 : Research Methodology And Statistical Analysis

1. (a) What is a research problem ? In the light of research problem how are hypothesis framed ? Explain with examples.

(b) What are the statistical techniques used to test the hypothesis ? Explain them briefly.

2. What are the various methods of collecting primary data ? Explain them briefly and make a questionnaire to carry out a survey to find out the investment pattern made by the employees of ABC Company and to understand their risk behaviour.

3. A sales manager of a soft drink company is studying the effect of its latest advertising campaign. People chosen at random were called and asked as to how many bottles they had bought in the past week and how many advertisements of this product they had seen in the past week.

No.of ads (x)



















(a) Develop the estimating equation that best fits the data and test its accuracy.

(b) Calculate correlation coefficient and coefficient of determination.

(c) Predict y value when x=5.

4. The production (in thousand tonnes) in a sugar factory during 1994 to 2001 has been as

follows :



















(a) Find the trend values by applying the method of least square.

(b) What is the monthly increase in production ?

(c) Estimate the production of sugar for the year 2008.

5. (a) What are the different types of scales used to measure the attitude of a person ? Briefly explain these scales giving suitable examples.

b) Construct semantic differential scale to measure the experience of respondents towards X brand of a shaving cream.

6 (a) Define a binomial probability distribution and state the conditions under which the binomial probability model is appropriate.

(b) Explain the procedure involved in poison distribution.

7. (a) What is reporting ? What are the different stages in the preparation of a report ?

Explain briefly.

(b) What are the aspects that have to be checked before going to final typing.

8. Write explanatory notes on any two following :

(a) Statistical Derivatives

(b) Methods of Generalisation

(c) Methods of Agreement

(d) Essentials of Interpretation

December, 2012

MCO-01 : Organisation Theory And Behaviour

1.  Do you think that the modern theory of  organisation considers the dynamic conditions at micro and macro levels ? Discuss and critically examine the modern theory of organisation.

2.  (a) Why do you study organisational behaviour? Substantiate your answer with suitable examples.

(b) Discuss the small and large group perspective of organisational behaviour.

3.  (a)   Describe the individual factors that cause stress.

(b) Explain the individual stress management techniques which may be adopted for reducing stress.

4.  Explain the behavioural theory and the situational  theory of leadership and also differentiate between both of these theories.

5.  (a) Describe the primary characteristics of Organisational culture.

(b) Discuss various dimensions of organisational climate.

6.  Distinguish between functional and dysfunctional conflict. Explain the conflict resolution strategies for the organisation.

7.  Explain any four Organisational development interventions which may be applied for the improvement of the Organisation ?

8.  Write explanatory notes on  any two  of the following :

(a)  Designing value based Organisation

(b)  Managerial approaches to motivating employees.

(c)  Organisation Development Process.

(d)  Functions of Organisational culture. 

June, 2013

MCO-01 : Organisation Theory and Behaviour

1. (a) Discuss the importance of Organisation. 

(b) Critically examine the systems theory of Organisation.

2. (a) Explain the classical conditioning theory of learning.

(b) How can you apply social learning theory for change of behaviour ?

3. What is stress ? Discuss consequences of stress in an Organisation with suitable examples.

4. What do you mean by conflict ? Explain the levels of conflict in an organisation with suitable examples.

5. (a) Discuss the objectives of organisational development.

(b) Describe various steps involved in organisational development process.

6. Distinguish between financial motivators and non - financial motivators. Discuss the managerial approaches to motivate employees with suitable examples.

7. (a) Discuss various approaches of team building in an organisation.

(b) Explain the effective and ineffective styles of leadership.

8. Write notes on any two of the following :

(a) Process of formation of attitude

(b) Determinants of personality

(c) Informal communication

(d) Functions of organisational culture 

December, 2012

IBO-06 : International Business Finance

1.  What are the salient features of the present day International Monetary System ? Critically examine their suitability from the view point of developing countries.

2.  Discuss the concept of disequilibrium in balance of payments. What are the measures usually adopted to restore the equilibrium ? Explain.

3.  Write a note on organization and structure of Foreign Exchange Markets in India, bringing out the changes since 1991.

4.  What is Transaction Exposure ? Name the different methods of hedging transaction exposure and explain in detail any one  of them.

5.  Explain the concept of Transfer Pricing. Why do the TNCs resort to such a practice and why are the governments against it ? Discuss in detail.

6.  Explain the CAPM model in relation to cost of  capital.

7.  What is involved in assessment and management  of political risks ? Discuss adopting a step by step approach.

8.  Differentiate between :

(a)  (i)  balance of trade and balance of  payments.

(ii) Spot and forward rates.

(b)  Purchasing Power Parity theory and Interest Rate Parity theory.

9.  Write short notes on any Two of the following :

(a)  Special Drawing Rights

(b)  Currency Options

(c)  International Development Association

(d)  Counter trade 

June, 2013

IBO-06 : International Business Finance

1. "Devaluation is the most effective remedy for correcting an adverse balance of payments position" Critically examine this statement .

2. Discuss the rationale of Regional financial institutions. Have they succeeded in achieving their objects ? Explain the working of any one of them.

3. What are the 'Foreign Exchange Markets', their participants and the roles they perform ?

4. How does tax policy impact foreign investments ? Do accounting practices of countries have any influence on it ? Discuss.

5. Under each of the following scenario, whether the value of rupee in relation to apanese Yen will appreciate, depreciate or remain the same ? Assume exchange rates are free to vary and other factors remain constant.

(a) Growth rate of national income is higher in India than in Japan.

(b) Inflation in India is higher than in Japan

(c) Prices in India and Japan are raising at the  same rate.

(d) Real interest rates in India are higher than in Japan.

(e) India imposes new restriction on Indian companies acquiring foreign companies and investing is real estate abroad.

6. Define yield curve. How is it constructed ? How does interest rate risk influence the yield curve ?

7. Appraisal of international projects is more complex than the domestic projects. Do you agree with the statement. If so ? If not, why not ? Give reasons supports by illustrations.

8. Distinguish between :

(a) Translation and Transaction currency risks

(b) Forward contract and Forward Rate Agreements


      Future of options.

9. Write short notes on any two of the following :

(a) Transfer Pricing

(b) Economic Exposure

(c) Forfeiting

(d) Pre-shipment Credit. 

December, 2012

IB0-05 : International Marketing Logistics

1.  Define Marketing Logistics and state its objectives. Also identify the recent developments in international logistics.

2.  (a) Why is inland water transport rarely used for movement of export-import cargo in India ? How can the situation be improved ?

(b) Explain the perpetual review system and periodic review system of replenishment of inventories.

3.  What are the problems faced by air transport industry in India ? State the impact of operation of private airways.

4. (a) Describe the importance of ocean transport in foreign trade of a country.

(b) State the problems faced by shipping industry in India.

5. (a) What is a bill of lading ? Discuss its main functions.            

(b) Describe the liabilities of MTO under Multi-Modal Transportation of Goods Act, 1993.

6.  Discuss the various environmental aspects which an organisation engaged in foreign trade has to reckon with and clarify their impact on the logistics system.

7.  What is Maritime Fraud ? State its dimensions and the factors that lead to commitment of Maritime Frauds.

8.  Write explanatory notes on  any two  of the following :           

(a)  Counterfeiting Intelligence Bureau.

(b)  Role of AISC

(c)  Conference System

(d)  Multi-modal Transportation. 

June, 2013

IBO-05 : International Marketing Logistics

1. (a) What are the main activities involved in marketing logistics ? Explain them briefly.

(b) "Various developments in international logistics impacting both demand and supply sides have spurred the emergence of logistics as an important plank of corporate strategy". Discuss.

2. Describe briefly the working of Air India particularly in relation to providing marketing support for India's export-import trade. How has the open sky policy of the Government affected it ?

3. "The peculiarities of demand, distribution, competition and government regulations that differ from one country to another force the logistician into operating the logistics system in a manner different from domestic operations for the same product". In the light of this statement discuss the various aspects of international trade and their impact on the logistics system.

4. (a) What do you mean by liner shipping ? How does it differ from tramp shipping ?

(b) Outline the factors that a shipper has to keep in view while selecting a liner vessel.

5. (a) Describe the major concerns of shippers and shipowners in case of liner shipping.

(b) State the duties and liabilities of a carrier under the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act, 1925.

6. Discuss the policy initiatives taken up by the Government of India for the development of ports in India.

7. (a) What do you mean by Maritime Fraud ? State the factors that lead to commitment of maritime frauds.

(b) Describe the 'perpetual review system' and 'periodical review system' used for replenishment of inventories.

8. Write explanatory notes on any two of the following :

(a) Principles governing liner freight rates.

(b) Concept of Land Bridging and its promotion in India.

(c) UN Liner Code.

(d) Objectives and functions of warehousing corporations in India

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